To move students towards information becoming effective users of information,
introducing students to reference tools to locate information to fit a need is important. While information formats are changing, when working with young children, developmental needs continue to play a major role when considering what types and formats of reference sources are appropriate.
Reference serves 2 purposes in a children's library.
|To support the personal information needs of children in a format that is appropriate for their readiness to use that information.|
|To support the academic information needs of children in a format that is appropriate for their readiness to use that information.|
Reference and Academics
Today, many school districts are developing plans to standardize information and technology literacy standards across their curriculum
and assess student achievements of those standards. Part of
those plans involves identifying reference tools and appropriate grade
levels to introduce them to students. Here are some suggestions that
are suggested as a starting point to building these plans.
Introducing Print Reference Tools by Grade Level:
|1st Grade: Basic Dictionary Skills (alphabetical order)|
|2nd Grade: Enhanced Dictionary Skills (alphabetic order, locating words, and
|3rd Grade: Encyclopedias |
|3rd Grade: Nonfiction Dewey Decimal System|
|4th Grade: Atlas, Almanacs, and Encyclopedias|
Introducing Electronic Reference Tools by Grade Level:
|2nd Grade: Introduce on-line catalog|
|3rd Grade: On-line encyclopedias -- Grolier|
|4th Grade: On-line encyclopedias - Grolier, New Book of Knowledge, and BadgerLink|
|5th Grade: Keyword searches on the Web.|